French Polynesia is an Overseas Country within the French Republic. Enjoying broad political autonomy as recognized by the French constitution, French Polynesia rules itself freely and democratically.
The four institutions of French Polynesia, established and modified under the various statutes of autonomy since 1984, are the following:
The President of French Polynesia, Edouard FRITCH is elected by the Assembly of French Polynesia from among its members.
He represents French Polynesia and is the head of the Country’s public service.
The Government of French Polynesia:
the President of French Polynesia chooses his ministers to form the government. In addition to his ministerial portfolio, the Vice-President is designated to perform the duties of the President of French Polynesia when the President is absent or unable to act.
The Assembly of French Polynesia:
it is composed of 57 members representing the five archipelagoes of French Polynesia, elected for a 5-year term through direct universal suffrage. The Assembly passes deliberations as well as “Laws of the Country”, which laws may be subject to control by the Council of State in Paris. The 57 representatives elect the President of that institution and approve the budget of French Polynesia annually.
The Economic, Social, Environmental and cultural Council:
consists of 48 members, appointed for a four-year term, divided into four boards (employers, employees, development and community life players). The Council delivers opinions, with particular respect to economic and social projects and the “Laws of the Country” submitted by the government of French Polynesia.
In French Polynesia, the State is the guarantor of public liberties. Beside the institutions of French Polynesia, the High Commissioner of the Republic represents the State in the territory and sovereign powers rest with him.
French Polynesia has 48 municipalities spread over the five groups of islands, which organize the local services to meet the needs of the population.
Lastly, French Polynesia is represented, within the national institutions, by two senators, three deputies and one economic and social councilor.